My weird and lovely little faith community was one where people spoke often about their grief and their hope for the brokenness in the world. Growing up, I heard a lot about Quaker values, commitments, and beliefs. I came out as queer without feeling any conflict with my identity as a Friend. But as my commitment to Quakerism as a spiritual path deepened, I realized that there was a disconnect between Quakerism and my emerging sexuality. Sexuality had generally been treated as a private matter in my family and community.
Quaker refusal to take oaths and to take off their hats before a magistrate, and their insistence on holding banned religious meetings in public, led to 6, Quakers being imprisoned between and War, in our view, involves the surrender of the Christian ideal and the denial of human brotherhood. They also practice worship in silence. Better to rail, rail on God at the passing into night of this Sex before marriage quakers sweet innocence than to assume unreal acceptance. I hate to be critical. My time with my foster parents provided me with a crucial stability and predictability Sex before marriage quakers which each of my parents descended periodically to take Upskirts youn out or to take me on holiday. This is the moment of disengagement, when parents must tell themselves that the young people are no longer their children and that they are outside their discipline. The extracts in this section are an anthology of the evolving experience of Friends and meetings.
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He goes by the three " Gs" of life and the K. The name 'Friends' comes from Jesus' remark "You are my friends if you do what I command you" John We Sex before marriage quakers what we need to know on the road itself. Clergy Our own experience leads us to affirm that the church can be so ordered that the guidance of the Holy Spirit can be known and followed without the need for a separated clergy. About this time we read the landmark publication Sex before marriage quakers British Friends called Towards a Quaker view of sex … I think there is great validity in the insight of that pamphlet that what Sex before marriage quakers a relationship sinful is exploitation, not whether it is legal. We were left bereft: of the normal Arabian man model we had longed for, of the child I had carried within me for those months, and, after a long waiting, of the possibility of another child. A majority of Americans have had premarital sex, according to a article in Public Health Reports. Rating Newest Oldest. Further, if we take impulses and experiences that are potentially wholesome and in a large measure unavoidable and characterise these as sinful, we create a great volume of unnecessary guilt and an explosive tension within the personality. Source s :. Since we try to live our lives respecting 'that of God' in everyone we would want to treat all people equally. Neither is it customary to have a best man or bridesmaids. In the immediate shock of loss there is help.
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- The Book of Discipline Revision Preparation Group invites you to join with us, and other Quakers across the country, in reading and getting to know our current Book of Discipline.
- The views of Quakers around the world towards homosexuality encompass a range from complete celebration and the practice of same-sex marriage , to the view that homosexuality is sinfully deviant and contrary to God's intentions for sexual expression.
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- What is the Quaker View of Premarital Sex?
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. The Society of Friends began in England in the s. Quakers believe that there is something of God in everybody. They do not have clergy or rituals and their meetings for worship are often held in silence. In Britain there are 17, Quakers, and Quaker meetings for worship each week.
Quakers believe that there is something of God in everybody and that each human being is of unique worth. This is why Quakers value all people equally, and oppose anything that may harm or threaten them. Quakers seek religious truth in inner experience, and place great reliance on conscience as the basis of morality.
They emphasise direct experience of God rather than ritual and ceremony. They believe that priests and rituals are an unnecessary obstruction between the believer and God. Quakers integrate religion and everyday life. They believe God can be found in the middle of everyday life and human relationships, as much as during a meeting for worship. Quakers do not celebrate Christian festivals such as Easter and Christmas.
Quaker communal worship consists of silent waiting, with participants contributing as the spirit moves them. Although outsiders usually regard the movement as a Christian denomination, not all Quakers see themselves as Christians; some regard themselves as members of a universal religion that for historical reasons has many Christian elements. Tolerance is part of the Quaker approach to life, so Quakers are willing to learn from all other faiths and churches.
One story says that the founder, George Fox, once told a magistrate to tremble quake at the name of God and the name 'Quakers' stuck. Other people suggest that the name derives from the physical shaking that sometimes went with Quaker religious experiences. The name 'Friends' comes from Jesus' remark "You are my friends if you do what I command you" John Beliefs are not just safe ledges in an uncertain reality, but rather handholds from which further heights can be reached.
Religion is living with God. There is no other kind of religion. Living with a Book, living with or by a Rule, being awfully high-principled are not in themselves religion, although many people think they are and that that is all there is to it. There is no creed or formal set of beliefs that you have to hold to be a Quaker. This is because:. Quakers believe that faith is something that is always developing and not something frozen at a particular moment in history that can be captured in a fixed code of belief.
Quakers believe that there is a direct relationship between God and each believer, every human being contains something of God - this is often called "the light of God". A written list of beliefs is considered inappropriate. Quakers feel people should follow their 'inner light' rather than external rules. They believe that God grows and changes with his creation and believe that God continues to tell human beings what they should do.
They don't believe in sacraments either as realities or symbols or formal liturgies or ceremonies and also refuse to take oaths. Quakers don't believe in a clergy, they feel that all believers can minister to one another. They emphasise the importance leading your own life well as an example to others what a person does can be much clearer than what they say.
They also practice worship in silence. They are actively involved in social and political issues and believe in pacifism and non-violence.
Quakers do not follow a creed, they acknowledge that words are not up to the job of precisely defining belief for a whole group of people. They believe that individuals should take personal responsibility for their understanding of faith rather than just buying a package and that each individual should try to develop themselves spiritually.
Quakers do not separate religious life and secular life and feel that all life should be 'lived in the spirit'. They also feel that religious belief must influence a believer's actions and everything that happens in life can inspire religious insights. Quakers do not have elaborate religious ceremonies and rituals. They regard these as unnecessary; they sometimes call them empty forms. They do not have clergy. Quakers neither practise baptism nor celebrate the Eucharist.
Instead of using 'holy' rituals, Quakers attempt to carry the sacred into every part of their lives. So, for example, they say that baptism should not be "a single act of initiation but a continuing growth in the Holy Spirit and a commitment which must be continually renewed. Quakers have no collective view on what happens after death. They tend to concentrate on making this world better rather than pondering what happens after leaving it. In the early days Quakers were suspicious of theology Worship is our response to an awareness of God.
We can worship alone, but when we join with others in expectant waiting we may discover a deeper sense of God's presence. In a Quaker meeting for worship a group of people sits in a room in silence for an hour.
From time to time someone may speak briefly, but sometimes the entire hour may pass without a word being spoken.
This belief comes from Jesus' statement that "Where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them" Matthew Quaker meetings for worship take place in meeting houses , not churches.
These are simple buildings or rooms. They usually sit facing each other in a square or a circle. This helps them to be aware that they are a group together for worship, and puts everybody in a place of equal status.
Everyone waits in shared silence until someone is moved by the Spirit i. The words spoken are usually brief and may include readings from the Bible or other books , praying, or speaking from personal experience. Each speaking is followed by a period of silence.
Quakers believe that God speaks through the contributions made at the meeting. Some people say that there is often a feeling that a divine presence has settled over the group. The words should come from the soul - from the inner light - rather than the mind.
Quakers know that even if the words they feel moved to speak have no particular meaning for themselves, they may carry a message from God to other people.
There may be no outward response to the contribution from other people, but if there is it will be something that builds positively on the previous contribution. Discussion and argument are not part of the meeting. Some would call it 'listening to the quiet voice of God' - without trying to define the word.
The word 'inward' tends to recur as one gropes for explanations. The silence in a meeting for worship isn't something that happens between the actual worship - the silence itself is part of the worship; it provides a space for people to separate themselves from the pressures and events of daily life and to get closer to God and each other. The people who are present try to create an internal silence - a silence inside their head.
They do this by stopping everyday thoughts and anxieties. Quakers believe that if they wait silently for God in this way there will be times when God will speak directly to them.
A Quaker service is not a time of individual meditation, although the description above may make it sound like that. It is important that the waiting in silence and the listening are done as a group. Some Quakers have adopted many of the practices of mainstream churches, and have pastors and use hymns in their worship. Their services are usually like Methodist or Baptist services.
Like many Christian groups, Quakers never intended to form a new denomination. Their founder, George Fox, was trying to take belief and believers back to the original and pure form of Christianity. Fox was born in July in Leicestershire, England, and died in , by which time his movement had 50, followers.
As Fox grew up he was puzzled by the inconsistency between what Christians said they believed and the way they behaved. He became a religious activist at the age of 19, and was imprisoned eight times for preaching views that annoyed the religious and political establishment of his time. Fox got into political trouble because of his idea that there was something "of God in every person". This was a revolutionary attack on all discrimination by social class, wealth, race and gender and it had worrying implications for the social structure of his time.
The political establishment did not take this lying down. Quaker refusal to take oaths and to take off their hats before a magistrate, and their insistence on holding banned religious meetings in public, led to 6, Quakers being imprisoned between and Fox's aim was to inspire people to hear and obey the voice of God and become a community "renewed up again in God's image" by living the principles of their faith.
Fox believed that everyone should try to encounter God directly and to experience the Kingdom of Heaven as a present, living reality. He objected to the hierarchical structure and the rituals of the churches of his time, and rejected the idea that the Bible was always right.
But Fox went even further. He argued that God himself did not want churches. Churches were either unnecessary to get to God, or an obstruction Fox often referred to churches unkindly as "steeple-houses". Since believers should have a direct relationship with God, no one priests, for example and nothing like sacraments should come in between.
Not surprisingly, these views infuriated the mainstream churches, and Quakers were persecuted in Britain on a large scale until Quaker missionaries arrived in the USA in They were persecuted at first, and four were executed.
The origins of Christian abolitionism can be traced to the late 17th Century and the Quakers. Several of their founders, including George Fox and Benjamin Lay, encouraged fellow congregants to stop owning slaves. By , Quakers in Pennsylvania officially declared their opposition to the importation of enslaved Africans into North America. Along with the Anglican Granville Sharp, Quakers established the first recognised anti-slavery movement in Britain in
The word 'inward' tends to recur as one gropes for explanations. Alfred Kinsey found that American women who became sexually mature during the s were much less likely to be virgins at marriage than those who became mature before World War I. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets CSS enabled. Retrieved 12 June Kenneth Boulding, ten years older, served as a teacher-companion-guide.
Sex before marriage quakers. Fifth edition
Homosexuality and Quakerism - Wikipedia
The views of Quakers around the world towards homosexuality encompass a range from complete celebration and the practice of same-sex marriage , to the view that homosexuality is sinfully deviant and contrary to God's intentions for sexual expression.
The Religious Society of Friends Quakers is a historically Christian religious movement founded in 17th-century England; it has around , members. Monthly meetings are organized into larger groups such as Yearly meetings or other "umbrella" groups, but often these larger groups have conflicting stances on particular issues. Some groups, for example the 57th Street Meeting in Chicago , may have joint membership in umbrella groups that have mutually contradictory stances on the issues.
In the end, the true "Quaker view" on homosexuality is probably best analysed meeting by meeting or, better, Friend by Friend. However, there are some general patterns, and for reasons of space and completeness this article deals mainly with the largest organizations on a country-by-country basis. Until the s the topic of homosexuality was untouched among Quakers.
London Yearly Meeting's publication of Towards a Quaker View of Sex , including norms for sexual relations that were inclusive of equitable same-sex relations, provoked on-going questioning. By the time the first same-sex relationship was taken under the care of a Friends meeting in University MM, North Pacific Yearly Meeting, Seattle, WA  the scene was set for ongoing discernment and disagreement. Quakers as a whole do not have a specific, set creed. The Richmond Declaration is a confession of faith that expresses the experience of two branches of American Quakerism, but does not reflect the views of others.
Quakers in Australia are overwhelmingly accepting of homosexuality and will celebrate same sex marriages as they would an opposite sex marriage. In Australia Yearly Meeting officially stated:. This statement is made in the light of the Society's desire to remove discrimination and persecution in the community. Australian Quakers have supported the celebration of same sex and different sex commitment ceremonies since and recognize them on an equal basis with other committed and loving relationships.
In January , Quakers meeting in Australia Yearly Meeting in Adelaide agreed to treat all requests for marriages in accordance with Quaker traditions, regardless of the sexual orientation or gender of the partners.
The unprogrammed Ireland Yearly Meeting , which includes meetings in Northern Ireland, has no recent public statement on its attitudes towards homosexuality. In regard to same-sex unions, in , the IYM declared "we believe in the institution of marriage, and in common with many others are currently wrestling with the problem of what our attitude should be to the other forms of human relationships which are increasingly being accepted by society at large.
While their position on marriage remains divided the IYM has decided to include un-married gay partnerships in the 'family and relationships' section of their forthcoming book of guidance 'Quaker Life — the Christian Experience of the Religious Society of Friends in Ireland' which is due for publication in Since the introduction of Civil Partnerships in the Republic it has been left to each monthly meeting to decide if they will permit the blessing of these unions.
The Dublin Monthly meeting has decided to do so and a number of these blessings have taken place. This has not been without controversy. No uniform approach has been agreed on. Quakers were one of the first churches to talk openly about sexuality Quakers in the United Kingdom are similarly accepting, and at their annual business meeting in July , formally expressed support for same-sex marriage , and lobbied the government for the necessary legal changes. A number of British meetings have celebrated same-sex relationships through an official meeting for commitment — a public act of worship something very like the traditional Quaker wedding, but without legal significance.
British Quakers also supported the introduction of the legal status of same-sex civil partnerships in the UK, and were taken to their support of same-sex marriage with the idea that "marriage is the Lord's work and we are but witnesses". FGC itself in made a statement on including LGBT quakers as equals in worship and acknowledging their past contributions to the conference. However, there is dissension within the Evangelical groups. The Friends of Jesus Community, some of whose members were affiliated with EFCI, took a public stance in favor of the equal worth of same-sex relationships.
Swansea Monthly Meeting, under care of New England Yearly Meeting , is one of two meetings in that group to publicly oppose same-sex marriage. At the FUM Triennial, Clerk Lamar Matthew was excluded from leading a worship sharing group because he was in a relationship with another man. Since that time, BYM has had a program of intervisitation with other Yearly Meetings on the issue of same-sex relationships.
In the mean time, CYM's financial contribution was earmarked for a specific purpose. The majority of Quakers live in countries not mentioned above. Kenya, for example, has a Quaker population larger than that of any other country. African Friends in general are supportive of the position taken by FUM. In , at the first meeting of FUM held in Africa, the clerk of Uganda Yearly Meeting delivered a devotional in which he quoted Romans —32, saying that "homosexuals and even those who support them are worthy of death.
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Denominational positions on homosexuality. LGBT Christian clergy. Christianity portal LGBT portal. Archived from the original on 24 February Retrieved 9 September Friends World Committee for Consultation. Retrieved 12 June Quakers in Britain. Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 16 April Britain Yearly Meeting.
Retrieved 17 August The Guardian. Retrieved 9 October Resolving the hotly disputed issue of homosexuality in the church has not been as easy for other religious groups. London Yearly Meeting. Home Service Committee, Quaker Home Service, Archived from the original on 14 April Retrieved 9 February Archived from the original on 17 March Retrieved 25 January Archived from the original on 13 April Central Yearly Meeting of Friends. The Crescent. Archived from the original PDF on 26 March Archived from the original on 6 July Religion and LGBT people.
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