China women purchase condoms-Short-Term Acceptability of the Woman's Condom among Married Couples in Shanghai

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China women purchase condoms

China women purchase condoms

The views expressed here belong to the authors alone, China women purchase condoms do not necessarily reflect the views of their affiliated institutions. Only one woman stated that China women purchase condoms use detracted from her sexual eomen. Evaluation of participants based upon level of education showed that a higher proportion of participants with lower levels of education used FCs with new clients ISO Evelyn Hsieh, Email: ude. In addition, strengthening economic conditions in China has led to an increase in the average income of consumers and that in turn has resulted in aspiration for a better quality of lifestyle among the residents of China. Thank you for your support.

Pregnant women and bellies. Associated Data

Outline of human sexuality. RH Reality Check. December 20, JJ Joel Johnson Jan 22, Buy on Amazon. Solid 1, Liquid Archived PDF from the original on 13 December Buy on Amazon Buy on Walmart. D Buy It Now. Item Type: Condoms. Birth control methods G02BG03A. Contraceptive technology 20th revised ed. This article has over 2, views, and China women purchase condoms testimonials from our readers, earning it our reader-approved status. Pharmacy and pharmacology portal Medicine portal.

The Woman's Condom, a second-generation female condom designed for acceptability, is poised for introduction in China.

  • Buying condoms can be nerve racking and uncomfortable.
  • But, the increase in active participation by the government about the safe practice of sex likely to boost the demand for condom in China.
  • China is a huge market for international condom manufacturers and brand enterprises.

The Woman's Condom, a second-generation female condom designed for acceptability, is poised for introduction in China. This single-arm study was conducted among 60 couples in China in to assess acceptability of the Woman's Condom. Male participants reported that ease of handling, inserting, and removing the device improved significantly from first to fourth use. Further, at fourth use, female participants reported significant improvement in the comfort of the feel of the condom material and lubricant.

Female and male participants reported that satisfaction with stability and sensation during sex and ability to achieve orgasm improved significantly from first to fourth use. At fourth use, female participants reported statistically significant improvement in sensation compared to using nothing. This study has shown that, in China, the Woman's Condom appears to be acceptable to married couples.

User experience contributes to improvement in many aspects of device acceptability. Female condoms offer dual protection against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections STIs including HIV. Since , several different types of female condoms have become available or are being developed [ 1 , 2 ]. While short-term acceptability of the FC1 female condom design has been well-documented [ 3 ], relatively little data exist on the short-term acceptability of other types of female condoms among various populations.

In a study involving 60 couples in three countries in , the Woman's Condom design was verified to be comfortable and easy to use, particularly in terms of easy insertion, secure fit during use, good sensation during sex, and easy removal [ 4 ].

In , production technology and product design for the Woman's Condom were transferred to Shanghai Dahua Medical Apparatus Company Dahua , establishing the foundation for manufacturing and market introduction in China. This study is the first to assess acceptability of the Woman's Condom in China.

Data from this clinical trial were required for product registration for market approval in China. The primary objective of this couples' use study was to assess the acceptability of the Woman's Condom among a sample of couples residing in Shanghai. Data about the performance and safety of the Woman's Condom collected during this study are reported elsewhere [ 6 ]. This single-arm couples' use study was conducted in the Shanghai area of China between February and June The Woman's Condom consists of a very thin, pliable, plastic pouch that easily conforms to the shape of the vagina.

It is Four foam shapes on the outside of the pouch cling lightly to vaginal walls, ensuring stability of the device. The Woman's Condom is packaged dry and not lubricated and comes with a single unit sachet of water-based lubricant. The lubricant is packaged in All study researchers completed human subjects research training.

Awareness-raising educational sessions about sexual health and condoms were used as the primary form of recruitment at the two sites. This study was mentioned at the end of the educational session and clients were invited to participate. Interested individuals were given a brief study description and asked to talk to the research team regarding participation. Female participants were enrolled with their male partners to facilitate the collection of data from the male perspective.

To be eligible for participation, couples had to be at least 18 years of age, in a monogamous heterosexual relationship with their current partner for the previous six months with the intention of remaining in the same relationship during the study, in good general and genital health, using a nonbarrier method of contraception or not at risk of pregnancy because one partner was sterilized, and without any known sensitivity or allergy to polyurethane or vaginal lubricants.

In addition, women could not be pregnant, seeking pregnancy, or breastfeeding. All female participants were coached in device insertion and removal by a trained researcher. Female participants practised inserting the Woman's Condom at the clinic to ensure that they were comfortable and confident about using the product before being approved to use the product at home with their partner.

Couples used the Woman's Condom at home four times over several weeks. After each condom use, women and their male partners completed condom use questionnaires and a coital log and recorded any adverse events in a diary as well as completing an acceptability survey. After the first product use, female participants returned to the clinic and completed a product performance questionnaire. After the fourth product use, both the female and male participants returned to the clinic to complete a second self-administered acceptability survey.

At the exit interview, female participants also completed a second product performance questionnaire and evaluated the user instructions not reported. Both partners participated in a gender-specific exit interview. The study sample size was based on convenience and conformed to the Shanghai Food and Drug Administration requirement for market registration of the product. Key acceptability endpoints included ease of use, comfort, and satisfaction of the Woman's Condom. Data cleaning and coding and entry and preliminary analysis were conducted in China.

Univariate and bivariate analysis of key quantitative variables were conducted using SAS 9. Mean scores were calculated for ordinal acceptability data and a t -test was used to compare differences between first and fourth uses in both women and men. Sixty couples were enrolled in this study. One couple discontinued early due to scheduling conflicts.

The mean age of female and male participants was around forty years All but two couples were married and living together, and the mean length of their current relationship was Less than five percent of either female or male participants reported ever use of spermicide or female condoms. They reported the outer ring as being the device feature that they liked the least. Female participants reported that the Woman's Condom was generally easy to use.

Ease of insertion and the convenience of lubrication were considered less easy aspects of Woman's Condom use. The male partner assisted the women with insertion in nine instances during first use and thirteen instances during fourth use. Eleven women reported that they were unsure how deeply to insert the device and if the device was correctly placed, six women reported difficulty inserting the device in their vagina, and four women reported discomfort during insertion.

All women disposed of the Woman's Condom in the trash and only one woman stated that she was concerned about disposing of the condom in this way. All acceptability measures ease of use, comfort, and satisfaction improved for both female and male participants from first to fourth use Table 1.

Acceptability of Woman's Condom by female and male participants at first and fourth uses. In addition, at fourth use, female participants reported statistically significant improvement in the feel of the condom material and the feel of the lubricant during use.

Both female and male participants reported that satisfaction with stability during sex, satisfaction with sensation during sex, and ability to achieve orgasm improved significantly from first to fourth use. Since the Woman's Condom is not prelubricated, the instructions for use recommend applying lubricant to the inside of the pouch after it is inserted in the vagina and before penile insertion.

Various methods were used to apply the lubricant including putting the lubricant on the finger, applying the lubricant directly from the package onto the condom pouch and then spreading it with the finger, putting the lubricant on the partner's penis, and applying the lubricant directly from the package into the condom pouch. Only one woman stated that lubricant use detracted from her sexual experience. At the study exit interview, participants were asked a range of questions related to product preference and future use Table 2.

This is the first study to assess acceptability of the Woman's Condom in China. To date, relatively few studies in China have assessed female condom acceptability, and those studies have focused on sex workers. Acceptability of other types of female condoms has been demonstrated by women in sex establishments in rural and small urban areas of southern China [ 7 , 8 ], sex workers in Enping City, China [ 9 ], and female STI patients attending a government STI clinic in Hong Kong [ 10 ].

Data from the current study suggest good overall acceptability of the Woman's Condom in a general population of married couples recruited from family planning clinics. In this study, acceptability measures improved for both women and men with increased user experience.

This shift in acceptability from first to fourth use is consistent with the female condom learning curve noted in other Woman's Condom studies [ 4 ] and studies of other female condoms as well [ 11 , 12 ]. Evidence of the learning curve phenomenon for acceptability measures has not been documented rigorously. This was an unexpected surprise since formative research and market research undertaken to prepare for this study had previously suggested that personal lubricants are not widely used by couples in China, may not be culturally acceptable, and are used only by older women and that women would be unwilling to apply lubricant using their fingers.

Female condoms are a relatively unknown product in China. However, this population of married couples showed interest in using the Woman's Condom and recommending it to others, especially for dual protection.

Male partner involvement is often the key to successful female condom use. This population of married women in China may be able to benefit from the preference of their male partner for this dual protection method. Behavior change communication messaging related to dual protection with a clear focus on STI prevention and product safety could be instrumental in promoting use of this product.

In view of these particular circumstances, our findings may not necessarily apply to populations with different characteristics. This study has shown that, in China, the Woman's Condom appears to be acceptable to married couples, especially couples who are interested in dual protection.

Improvement in acceptability parameters from first to fourth use indicates that device familiarity enhances user perception as well as a manageable learning curve. The authors would like to thank the field investigators and coordinators in the four sites for their hard work and commitment.

Support for this study was made possible by multiple donors. The contents are the responsibility of PATH and do not necessarily reflect the views of any funding organization.

Coffey and M. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. J Sex Transm Dis. Published online Jul Patricia S. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Coffey: gro. Received Apr 30; Accepted Jul 3. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract Background. Materials and Methods This single-arm couples' use study was conducted in the Shanghai area of China between February and June Ease of Use All acceptability measures ease of use, comfort, and satisfaction improved for both female and male participants from first to fourth use Table 1. Table 1 Acceptability of Woman's Condom by female and male participants at first and fourth uses.

Open in a separate window. Satisfaction Both female and male participants reported that satisfaction with stability during sex, satisfaction with sensation during sex, and ability to achieve orgasm improved significantly from first to fourth use. Lubricant Use Behavior Since the Woman's Condom is not prelubricated, the instructions for use recommend applying lubricant to the inside of the pouch after it is inserted in the vagina and before penile insertion.

Product Preference At the study exit interview, participants were asked a range of questions related to product preference and future use Table 2. Much better 34 24 Better 31 31 Same 17 32 Worse 6 6 Never used a male condom before 14 8 Would you prefer to use a male or female condom?

In much of the Western world , the introduction of the pill in the s was associated with a decline in condom use. Method 1. These condoms are not only effective in preventing pregnancy and STDs , but they also feel amazing. Anthem Press. World News Australia. Therefore, China is considerable an attractive market for brand enterprises and international condom manufacturers. A Clinical Guide for Contraception.

China women purchase condoms

China women purchase condoms

China women purchase condoms

China women purchase condoms

China women purchase condoms. Stay safe with these trusted options

Buy a few other items. This way, you are not standing at the counter with nothing but a box of condoms. You can also use the other items in your cart to cover up the condoms. This way other people will not be able to look in your basket and automatically see the condoms.

Go to a convenience store. Convenience stores and gas stations often sell condoms as well. These stores are smaller and have less people. If you do not mind interacting with the cashier, but want to avoid large crowds, this may be an option for you. Use cash and throw away the receipt. Throw away your receipt at the store. You do not want to walk around with a condom receipt in your pocket, wallet, or jacket. If you throw away the receipt as soon as you walk out of the store, you do not have to worry about a parent or friend finding out about your purchase.

You will not have to answer any questions about a charge in your card. Try self-checkout. Instead of using the checkout line, buy your condoms from a store that has an automated checkout, where you scan your purchases and bag them yourself. This will allow you to avoid talking to a cashier. Buy in bulk. Buying condoms in bulk will keep you from having to go to the store so much.

Keep your extra condoms in a cool, dry place. Check the expiration date before you use the condom. If a condom is expired or damaged, it will not be effective. Buy them in an adult store. If you're over 18, you can visit an adult store to purchase condoms.

You will not feel out of place at an adult store because everyone there is buying sex-related items. The people who work at an adult store are usually very knowledgeable about the merchandise and can answer any questions you may have about the different condom options. Buy condoms online. There are plenty of websites that will let you order condoms and have them delivered to your home.

The condoms are usually delivered in plain, discreet packaging as well. Simply search, "buy condoms online," to find a site where you can purchase condoms.

Go to a clinic. If you have questions, there will be people there who will be genuinely happy to answer them. You can call the clinic or visit the website to make sure that they provide free condoms.

As the tip above advises, think of condoms as a normal product. Don't think of them as a sex product: think of them as a necessary item someone buys at a store. Yes No. Not Helpful 4 Helpful If I am under 18 and try to buy condoms with cash, will I be allowed to purchase them?

Yes, you would be allowed to purchase it. There is no age limit for buying condoms. Not Helpful 6 Helpful Yes, you can, but I'd highly recommend you stay abstinent for a while. Not Helpful 8 Helpful How can I buy a condom if I'm afraid of asking the shopkeeper for it? Go to a different store. At some stores, you can just grab them from the aisle - at least in the US.

If you have no such option, you will just have to face your fear and ask. Remember, there are probably countless people going in there asking for the same thing, so it's not going to be something that unusual. Not Helpful 3 Helpful Not Helpful 37 Helpful No, there typically is no age restriction. Not Helpful 76 Helpful Not Helpful 16 Helpful Not Helpful 34 Helpful Always throw your condom away after use. Not Helpful 11 Helpful Try going to a gas station toilet, they normally have condoms in the vending machines.

There, you can get them and leave. Or, go to a health clinic. They normally offer free condoms there, often just sitting out in the lobby. The people at the clinic will understand. But be mindful about your country's age of consent legal age to have sex.

Not Helpful 24 Helpful Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Tips Remember that you are doing something responsible, both for your safety and your partner's. Unprotected sex can lead to pregnancy and HIV and other sexual transmitted disease, so use protection if you're not planning on getting pregnant. If underage you may be able to get condoms from your school nurse.

The availability varies from school to school. Make sure not to buy flavored condoms for vaginal or anal sex. They can cause irritation and the powder tends to spread.

They can also cause infections for your partner. Make sure to learn how to properly use a condom. Condoms don't prevent HPV genital warts if they are on the pubic area a condom won't stop that area from touching.

If you experience itching, rashes, bumps, blisters or other irritations after using a condom, either on the area itself or on the rest of your body, stop use immediately and check with your doctor. You may have a latex allergy, in which case you should turn to alternatives, such as female condoms or polyurethane. Related wikiHows. Article Summary X Buying condoms can be awkward, but you can do it discreetly by knowing exactly what brand and type of condom you want to buy before going to the store.

Did this summary help you? Article Info This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 2,, times. Did this article help you? Cookies make wikiHow better.

The Female Health Company produced a female condom that was initially made of polyurethane, but newer versions are made of nitrile. Medtech Products produces a female condom made of latex. Every latex condom is tested for holes with an electric current. If the condom passes, it is rolled and packaged. In addition, a portion of each batch of condoms is subject to water leak and air burst testing.

Latex condoms are damaged when used with oil-based substances as lubricants , such as petroleum jelly , cooking oil , baby oil , mineral oil , skin lotions , suntan lotions , cold creams , butter or margarine.

In May the U. Polyurethane can be considered better than latex in several ways: it conducts heat better than latex, is not as sensitive to temperature and ultraviolet light and so has less rigid storage requirements and a longer shelf life , can be used with oil-based lubricants , is less allergenic than latex, and does not have an odor. Polyisoprene is a synthetic version of natural rubber latex. Condoms made from sheep intestines , labeled "lambskin", are also available.

Although they are generally effective as a contraceptive by blocking sperm, it is presumed that they are likely less effective than latex in preventing the transmission of agents that cause STDs , because of pores in the material.

Some latex condoms are lubricated at the manufacturer with a small amount of a nonoxynol-9 , a spermicidal chemical. According to Consumer Reports , condoms lubricated with spermicide have no additional benefit in preventing pregnancy, have a shorter shelf life, and may cause urinary-tract infections in women.

Nonoxynol-9 was once believed to offer additional protection against STDs including HIV but recent studies have shown that, with frequent use, nonoxynol-9 may increase the risk of HIV transmission.

However, it recommends using a nonoxynol-9 lubricated condom over no condom at all. Textured condoms include studded and ribbed condoms which can provide extra sensations to both partners. The studs or ribs can be located on the inside, outside, or both; alternatively, they are located in specific sections to provide directed stimulation to either the g-spot or frenulum.

Many textured condoms which advertise "mutual pleasure" also are bulb-shaped at the top, to provide extra stimulation to the penis.

The anti-rape condom is another variation designed to be worn by women. It is designed to cause pain to the attacker, hopefully allowing the victim a chance to escape. A collection condom is used to collect semen for fertility treatments or sperm analysis.

These condoms are designed to maximize sperm life. Some condom-like devices are intended for entertainment only, such as glow-in-the dark condoms. These novelty condoms may not provide protection against pregnancy and STDs.

The prevalence of condom use varies greatly between countries. Whether condoms were used in ancient civilizations is debated by archaeologists and historians. Condoms seem to have been used for contraception, and to have been known only by members of the upper classes.

In China, glans condoms may have been made of oiled silk paper, or of lamb intestines. In Japan, they were made of tortoise shell or animal horn.

In 16th-century Italy, anatomist and physician Gabriele Falloppio wrote a treatise on syphilis. The cloths he described were sized to cover the glans of the penis , and were held on with a ribbon.

After this, the use of penis coverings to protect from disease is described in a wide variety of literature throughout Europe. The first indication that these devices were used for birth control, rather than disease prevention, is the theological publication De iustitia et iure On justice and law by Catholic theologian Leonardus Lessius , who condemned them as immoral. In addition to linen, condoms during the Renaissance were made out of intestines and bladder.

In the late 16th century, Dutch traders introduced condoms made from "fine leather" to Japan. Unlike the horn condoms used previously, these leather condoms covered the entire penis. Casanova in the 18th century was one of the first reported using "assurance caps" to prevent impregnating his mistresses. From at least the 18th century, condom use was opposed in some legal, religious, and medical circles for essentially the same reasons that are given today: condoms reduce the likelihood of pregnancy, which some thought immoral or undesirable for the nation; they do not provide full protection against sexually transmitted infections, while belief in their protective powers was thought to encourage sexual promiscuity; and, they are not used consistently due to inconvenience, expense, or loss of sensation.

Despite some opposition, the condom market grew rapidly. In the 18th century, condoms were available in a variety of qualities and sizes, made from either linen treated with chemicals, or "skin" bladder or intestine softened by treatment with sulfur and lye.

The early 19th century saw contraceptives promoted to the poorer classes for the first time. Writers on contraception tended to prefer other methods of birth control to the condom. By the late 19th century many feminists expressed distrust of the condom as a contraceptive, as its use was controlled and decided upon by men alone.

They advocated instead for methods which were controlled by women, such as diaphragms and spermicidal douches. Many countries passed laws impeding the manufacture and promotion of contraceptives. Beginning in the second half of the 19th century, American rates of sexually transmitted diseases skyrocketed. Causes cited by historians include effects of the American Civil War , and the ignorance of prevention methods promoted by the Comstock laws.

They generally taught that abstinence was the only way to avoid sexually transmitted diseases. The stigma against victims of these diseases was so great that many hospitals refused to treat people who had syphilis. The German military was the first to promote condom use among its soldiers, beginning in the later 19th century. In the decades after World War I, there remained social and legal obstacles to condom use throughout the U.

Freud was especially opposed to the condom because he thought it cut down on sexual pleasure. Some feminists continued to oppose male-controlled contraceptives such as condoms.

In the Church of England's Lambeth Conference condemned all "unnatural means of conception avoidance". London's Bishop Arthur Winnington-Ingram complained of the huge number of condoms discarded in alleyways and parks, especially after weekends and holidays. However, European militaries continued to provide condoms to their members for disease protection, even in countries where they were illegal for the general population. In , Charles Goodyear discovered a way of processing natural rubber , which is too stiff when cold and too soft when warm, in such a way as to make it elastic.

The rubber vulcanization process was patented by Goodyear in Besides this type, small rubber condoms covering only the glans were often used in England and the United States. This type of condom was the original "capote" French for condom , perhaps because of its resemblance to a woman's bonnet worn at that time, also called a capote. For many decades, rubber condoms were manufactured by wrapping strips of raw rubber around penis-shaped molds, then dipping the wrapped molds in a chemical solution to cure the rubber.

Latex condoms required less labor to produce than cement-dipped rubber condoms, which had to be smoothed by rubbing and trimming. The use of water to suspend the rubber instead of gasoline and benzene eliminated the fire hazard previously associated with all condom factories.

Latex condoms also performed better for the consumer: they were stronger and thinner than rubber condoms, and had a shelf life of five years compared to three months for rubber. Until the twenties, all condoms were individually hand-dipped by semi-skilled workers.

Throughout the decade of the s, advances in the automation of the condom assembly line were made. The first fully automated line was patented in Major condom manufacturers bought or leased conveyor systems, and small manufacturers were driven out of business.

In the Anglican Church's Lambeth Conference sanctioned the use of birth control by married couples. In the Federal Council of Churches in the U. Firstly, cement-dipped condoms could be safely used with oil-based lubricants.

Food and Drug Administration began to regulate the quality of condoms sold in the United States. After the war, condom sales continued to grow. The U. Agency for International Development pushed condom use in developing countries to help solve the "world population crises": by hundreds of millions of condoms were being used each year in India alone.

In the late s, the American National Association of Broadcasters banned condom advertisements from national television: this policy remained in place until After it was discovered in the early s that AIDS can be a sexually transmitted infection, [] the use of condoms was encouraged to prevent transmission of HIV. Despite opposition by some political, religious, and other figures, national condom promotion campaigns occurred in the U.

Due to increased demand and greater social acceptance, condoms began to be sold in a wider variety of retail outlets, including in supermarkets and in discount department stores such as Wal-Mart. Observers have cited condom fatigue in both Europe and North America. New developments continued to occur in the condom market, with the first polyurethane condom—branded Avanti and produced by the manufacturer of Durex—introduced in the s. The term condom first appears in the early 18th century.

Its etymology is unknown. In popular tradition, the invention and naming of the condom came to be attributed to an associate of England's King Charles II , one "Dr. Condom" or "Earl of Condom". There is however no evidence of the existence of such a person, and condoms had been used for over one hundred years before King Charles II ascended to the throne. A variety of unproven Latin etymologies have been proposed, including condon receptacle , [] condamina house , [] and cumdum scabbard or case.

Kruck wrote an article in concluding that, " As for the word 'condom', I need state only that its origin remains completely unknown, and there ends this search for an etymology.

Other terms are also commonly used to describe condoms. In North America condoms are also commonly known as prophylactics , or rubbers. In Britain they may be called French letters. Some moral and scientific criticism of condoms exists despite the many benefits of condoms agreed on by scientific consensus and sexual health experts.

Note that the polar debate with regard to condom usage is attenuated by the target group the argument is directed. Among the prime objections to condom usage is the blocking of erotic sensation, or the intimacy that barrier-free sex provides.

As the condom is held tightly to the skin of the penis, it diminishes the delivery of stimulation through rubbing and friction. Condom proponents claim this has the benefit of making sex last longer, by diminishing sensation and delaying male ejaculation. Those who promote condom-free heterosexual sex slang: " bareback " claim that the condom puts a barrier between partners, diminishing what is normally a highly sensual, intimate, and spiritual connection between partners.

The Roman Catholic Church opposes all kinds of sexual acts outside of marriage, as well as any sexual act in which the chance of successful conception has been reduced by direct and intentional acts for example, surgery to prevent conception or foreign objects for example, condoms. The use of condoms to prevent STI transmission is not specifically addressed by Catholic doctrine, and is currently a topic of debate among theologians and high-ranking Catholic authorities.

The Roman Catholic Church is the largest organized body of any world religion. He said that the use of a condom can be justified in a few individual cases if the purpose is to reduce the risk of an HIV infection. There was some confusion at first whether the statement applied only to homosexual prostitutes and thus not to heterosexual intercourse at all.

However, Federico Lombardi , spokesman for the Vatican, clarified that it applied to heterosexual and transsexual prostitutes, whether male or female, as well. Dry dusting powders are applied to latex condoms before packaging to prevent the condom from sticking to itself when rolled up. Cornstarch is generally believed to be safe; however, some researchers have raised concerns over its use as well. Nitrosamines, which are potentially carcinogenic in humans, [] are believed to be present in a substance used to improve elasticity in latex condoms.

In addition, the large-scale use of disposable condoms has resulted in concerns over their environmental impact via littering and in landfills , where they can eventually wind up in wildlife environments if not incinerated or otherwise permanently disposed of first.

Polyurethane condoms in particular, given they are a form of plastic , are not biodegradable , and latex condoms take a very long time to break down. Experts, such as AVERT , recommend condoms be disposed of in a garbage receptacle, as flushing them down the toilet which some people do may cause plumbing blockages and other problems.

However, the benefits condoms offer are widely considered to offset their small landfill mass. While biodegradable, [57] latex condoms damage the environment when disposed of improperly.

According to the Ocean Conservancy, condoms, along with certain other types of trash , cover the coral reefs and smother sea grass and other bottom dwellers. The United States Environmental Protection Agency also has expressed concerns that many animals might mistake the litter for food.

In much of the Western world , the introduction of the pill in the s was associated with a decline in condom use. Cultural attitudes toward gender roles , contraception , and sexual activity vary greatly around the world, and range from extremely conservative to extremely liberal. But in places where condoms are misunderstood, mischaracterised, demonised, or looked upon with overall cultural disapproval, the prevalence of condom use is directly affected.

As an example, Latino immigrants in the United States often face cultural barriers to condom use. A study on female HIV prevention published in the Journal of Sex Health Research asserts that Latino women often lack the attitudes needed to negotiate safe sex due to traditional gender-role norms in the Latino community, and may be afraid to bring up the subject of condom use with their partners.

Women who participated in the study often reported that because of the general machismo subtly encouraged in Latino culture, their male partners would be angry or possibly violent at the woman's suggestion that they use condoms.

As conspiracy beliefs about AIDS grow in a given sector of these black men, consistent condom use drops in that same sector. Female use of condoms was not similarly affected. In the African continent, condom promotion in some areas has been impeded by anti-condom campaigns by some Muslim [] and Catholic clerics. Sperm is believed to be an "elixir" to women and to have beneficial health effects. Maasai women believe that, after conceiving a child, they must have sexual intercourse repeatedly so that the additional sperm aids the child's development.

Frequent condom use is also considered by some Maasai to cause impotence. The grant information states: "The primary drawback from the male perspective is that condoms decrease pleasure as compared to no condom, creating a trade-off that many men find unacceptable, particularly given that the decisions about use must be made just prior to intercourse.

Is it possible to develop a product without this stigma, or better, one that is felt to enhance pleasure? The project has been named the "Next Generation Condom" and anyone who can provide a "testable hypothesis" is eligible to apply.

Middle-Eastern couples who have not had children, because of the strong desire and social pressure to establish fertility as soon as possible within marriage, rarely use condoms. Family planning advocates were against this, saying it was liable to "undo decades of progress on sexual and reproductive health". One analyst described the size of the condom market as something that "boggles the mind". Numerous small manufacturers, nonprofit groups, and government-run manufacturing plants exist around the world.

As of [update] , the spray-on condom was not going to market because the drying time could not be reduced below two to three minutes. In the lab, it has been shown to effectively block HIV and herpes simplex virus. The barrier breaks down and liquefies after several hours. As of [update] , the invisible condom is in the clinical trial phase, and has not yet been approved for use. Also developed in is a condom treated with an erectogenic compound. The drug-treated condom is intended to help the wearer maintain his erection, which should also help reduce slippage.

If approved, the condom would be marketed under the Durex brand. As of [update] , it was still in clinical trials. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Redirected from Latex condom. This article is about the transmission barrier and contraceptive device. For other uses, see Condom disambiguation. Birth control device. See also: Comparison of birth control methods: Effectiveness of various methods. See also: Safe sex. Main article: Female condom. Main article: History of condoms.

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Condom Market - China Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast -

Durex is by some distance the best-selling condom brand on Chinese online shopping platform Taobao, followed by Jissbon, Okamoto and local brands SixSex and MingLiu, according to data from Daxue Consulting.

Humanwell declined to comment on its strategy for the Chinese and other markets. Young people also chat about the subject online - though they often use code. But sex education - key to driving contraceptive demand - still has some way to go, said student Zhang. Everything else I had to go and find out for myself.

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China women purchase condoms

China women purchase condoms