We weren't naive, though -- we had heard from friends and family about the sleepless nights, the juggling of jobs and child care, the constant requirements for feeding, and the endless stacks of diapers. We knew it wouldn't be an easy task, but we felt we were up to it, and we were overjoyed to be having a child. But at what point does this optimism become a burden? If you're unrealistically hopeful about the experience of having a baby, could that adversely affect your ability to care for your child? What about your relationship with your spouse or significant other?
Emmons and McCullough conducted some of the first experimental studies of the effects of gratitude on well-being. In one, researchers tracked men who were free of cardiovascular disease and cancer when they were evaluated for dispositional optimism in Given the importance of school satisfaction in academic performance, this is a promising area of research for researchers and educators alike. Each of the above studies has used multiple gratitude exercises to attempt to effect change. In this case, optimism appeared to protect against an urge to withdraw from social activities, which may be important for healing. First-time mothers' expectations Being optimistic enthusiastic during pregnancy parenthood: What happens when optimistic expectations are not matched by later experiences? When I read the article's title, I misunderstood the topic, sorry.
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Receive email notifications of new comments Email Addresss. Be the wind which helps her sail through this journey of pregnancy easily:. I sleep at night now, and birth wellbeing visions through wellbeing coaching! She enjoys putting bright colors in her curly brown hair, spending time outside on cool days and being with her partner in life, Butt toning workouts, who she considers a continuing source of inspiration. BBeing am excited about it! I Being optimistic enthusiastic during pregnancy think so. Humour and laughter are wonderful companions Being optimistic enthusiastic during pregnancy an expecting mother, so keeping a list of funny quotes at enthusiasfic can do a lot to smooth out the frown and worry lines that often get etched on your glowing face. Compared with women waiting to enter the program, participants saw reductions in their reports of anxiety and negative feelings like distress, hostility, and shame. Being a healthy individual in our hectic and modern society means to also consider new age health and wellness techniques. Find out how here! Each of the physical landmarks of pregnancy is accompanied by specific psychological issues that affect your perception of that particular part of your pregnancy. But complications sometimes arise, and even the best-planned natural delivery can go high-tech faster than you can say, "Gimme an epidural!
Recent research indicates that optimists and pessimists approach problems differently, and their ability to cope successfully with adversity differs as a result.
- Generally, whether or not being pregnant is a good experience varies from woman to woman.
- Somewhere around 18 percent of women are depressed during pregnancy , and 21 percent have serious anxiety.
- The truth is that women experience many emotions during pregnancy, starting with the first trimester.
Recent research indicates that optimists and pessimists approach problems differently, and their ability to cope successfully with adversity differs as a result.
Watch the Video on Positive Mindset. Watch the Video on Optimism and Gratitude. Martin Seligman defines optimism as reacting to problems with a sense of confidence and high personal ability. Of course, optimism, like other psychological states and characteristics, exists on a continuum.
People can also change their levels of optimism depending on the situations they are in. This section will review what is known about the benefits of optimism and evidence suggesting optimism is a learnable skill. Imagine two students who receive the same poor grade on an exam. I always do poorly in this subject.
I tend to do well in other subjects. Explanatory styles reflect three attributions that a person forms about a recent event. Did it happen because of me internal or something or someone else external?
Will this always happen to me stable or can I change what caused it unstable? Is this something that affects all aspects of my life pervasive or was it a solitary occurrence limited?
Pessimistic people tend to view problems as internal, unchangeable, and pervasive, whereas optimistic people are the opposite. Optimism seems to have a tremendous number of benefits; consider several detailed below. Maruta, Colligan, Malinchoc, and Offord examined whether explanatory styles served as risk factors for early death. With a large longitudinal sample collected in the mids, the researchers categorized medical patients as optimistic, mixed, or pessimistic. Optimism was operationalized using parts of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory.
Optimism also plays a role in the recovery from illness and disease. Multiple studies have investigated the role of optimism in people undergoing treatment for cancer e. These studies have found that optimistic people experience less distress when faced with potentially life-threatening cancer diagnoses. In this case, optimism appeared to protect against an urge to withdraw from social activities, which may be important for healing. There is also evidence that optimism can protect against the development of chronic diseases.
A sample of middle-aged women was tested for precursors to atherosclerosis at a baseline and three years later. Two weeks later, their immune response to the vaccination was measured. Greater optimism predicted greater antibody production and better immune outcomes. Five studies have also investigated optimism and disease progression in people infected with HIV. Ironson and colleagues found, in a large sample, that optimism and positive HIV immune response were linearly related: people highest in optimism had the best suppression of viral load and a greater number of helper T cells, both important parts of the progression of HIV.
Another study that examined the link between optimism and immune system functioning was conducted by Segerstrom and Sephton This study examined a sample of entering law students over five time points in their first year of law school.
Dispositional optimism the tendency to be generally optimistic about your life and optimism about law school, in particular, were assessed, along with measures of positive and negative affect to determine whether any relationships between optimism and immune system functioning could be better explained through positive or negative affect.
Thus, it appears that an optimistic outlook appears not only to be strongly positively related to a healthy immune system but also to better outcomes for people with compromised immune systems. Optimism has also been investigated in health-related behaviors.
Beyond helping to prevent substance use problems from developing, optimism may predict better outcomes from efforts to quit using. Optimism appears to be an important factor in risky health behaviors: both whether people choose to engage in them and whether they choose to quit.
Optimism can even predict a longer life. Evidence suggests that optimism is important in coping with difficult life events. Optimism appears to play a protective role, assisting people in coping with extraordinarily trying incidents.
Segerstrom and Sephton also examined whether optimism predicted positive affect. Their hypothesis that changes in optimism would predict changes in positive affect was borne out, as increases in optimism were associated with increased positive affect, and vice versa.
Interestingly, changes in optimism were not related to changes in negative affect. Thus, it appears that optimism is uniquely related to positive affect. This means that optimists are generally happier with their lives than pessimists.
Litt and colleagues examined optimism and pessimism in couples undergoing in-vitro fertilization IVF attempts. In this study, 41 women and their husbands were interviewed two weeks prior to the IVF attempt and two weeks after a subsequent pregnancy test. This study suggests that optimists are better able to cope with disappointment by attending to positive aspects of the setback. Optimists also tend to accept the reality of difficult situations while also framing them in the best possible light Carver et al.
While pessimists tend to cope through denial and abandoning impeded goals, optimists rely on acceptance and the use of humor. Optimism may even play a role in the well-being of caregivers for people with chronic illnesses. Caring for a loved one with a severe, terminal illness can have serious negative effects on psychological well-being.
However, optimism appears to protect against the worst of these effects, as optimism has been associated with less depression and greater well-being in studies of people caring for others with cancer Given et al. The association between optimism and coping with other, less extreme difficulties has been investigated, as well.
At the end of the semester, measures of well-being were again administered. Optimism at the beginning of college predicted a smoother, psychologically healthier transition to college life, as well as larger groups of new friends. With all of the research presented above, it is clear that optimism is a powerful tool in our repertoire to keep us healthy, happy, and alive. Martin Seligman, father of positive psychology, began his career studying depression, stress, and anxiety.
From his work in these areas, he discovered that the optimistic explanatory style described above acted as a protective factor against the development of depression when faced with difficult circumstances. Thus, Seligman set out to understand whether or not optimism could be learned. Following this line of research, a curriculum was developed for school children to attempt to inculcate in them an optimistic explanatory style.
It relies on teachers and school counselors to administer 12 sessions of intervention, in which students are taught, among other things, how to change the types of thoughts that are consistent with the pessimistic explanatory style. Multiple studies have used strict randomized controlled trial criteria to evaluate the efficacy of this program. One study Gillham et al. Children were assigned to the PRP, to a program Penn Enhancement Program [PEP] that focused on stressors common in adolescent life, including self-esteem, peer pressure, and family conflict, or to a control condition in which students received no intervention.
Students were assessed on measures of depressive symptoms and well-being two weeks after the final session and then every six months for the subsequent three years. This evidence seems to support the idea that optimism can be developed and nurtured in young people, though similar programs have not been developed for adults. Thus, there is a promising argument to be made that anyone can learn to derive the numerous benefits of optimism.
Countless studies have been conducted on optimism, and the vast majority of them support the same conclusions: optimism is healthy! Optimists live longer, have better functioning immune systems, cope better with difficult circumstances, and even have healthier babies. Are there downsides? There are a few. For instance, there is some evidence that under certain circumstances, optimism can actually suppress immune functioning.
For these students, there might be greater competing pressures between social goals spending time with friends and loved ones and performing optimally in graduate school. Optimism has also been linked to health behaviors that can have negative consequences.
For example, one study found that optimistic teenage girls were less likely than less optimistic peers to seek information about HIV testing. These examples indicate that optimism may have its downsides, but the good outcomes related to it far outweigh the negatives.
Studies that have investigated this question have relied on one-on-one cognitive behavioral therapy to improve levels of optimism, but no large-scale intervention has yet been developed. Further research is necessary to determine whether non-clinical interventions can be used to foster optimism.
It stands to reason that changing automatic negative thoughts should be possible in PRP-style interventions for adults, but this is a question that will need to be answered with solid data. Ultimately, there is a large, scientifically valid body of research that indicates that optimistic people are generally better off in life than pessimists.
This is a growing area of research, and the future of positive thinking research is promising. The Philosophy of Mindfulness. Being grateful feels good. Robert Emmons, a leader in the field of gratitude research, defines gratitude as the feeling that occurs when a person attributes a benefit they have received to another Emmons, Feeling grateful has a number of benefits.
Beyond emotions, there is evidence that gratitude is associated with pleasant physical sensations, as well. These findings suggest that grateful people interpret events in a unique way, and this interpretation style might account for the benefits extracted from gift giving experiences.
Longitudinal studies follow the same group of people over time, which allows researchers to examine temporal relationships between different variables. This has the benefit of strengthening hypotheses about causal relationships between variables.
In this study, the researchers asked people to rate the overall gratitude, social support, depression, and stress in their life. How grateful people initially felt predicted greater feelings of social support and less stress and depression three months later. Thus, it appears that grateful people find themselves feeling a sense of belonging and a relative absence of stress and depression. There are interpersonal benefits associated with gratitude, as well.
Acts of gratitude require us to admire good characteristics of other people. Doing so encourages us to become closer to them. In addition, the act of contemplating times in which another person had helped these participants resulted in participants expressing a desire for moral growth and to help others, themselves. Thus, it appears that being grateful can actually encourage people to do something good for another person.
Gratitude, therefore, might have important benefits to society as a whole. Among other things, grateful people are happier, have stronger feelings of social support, and feel less stressed and depressed.
Here, researchers recruited 78 pregnant women in their second trimester and asked them about their levels of mindfulness. Humour and laughter are wonderful companions for an expecting mother, so keeping a list of funny quotes at hand can do a lot to smooth out the frown and worry lines that often get etched on your glowing face. Work that bump! FirstCry Parenting. Women's self-reported experience of the ease or difficulty of the current pregnancy. The Pisces have a bit of a fearful nature, which make them prone to worry during their pregnancies. It is especially at times like these when a gentle reminder about the gift of pregnancy comes in handy to save you from anxiety.
Being optimistic enthusiastic during pregnancy. My Account
While not a substitute for medical care, this type of engagement can provide emotional support as well as a place to discuss the pregnancy journey. The added benefit is that we nowadays have various social media platforms where people with similar circumstances can interact and share ideas or opinions, so participation is much easier than it might have been in other times.
Being a healthy individual in our hectic and modern society means to also consider new age health and wellness techniques. These techniques help to mitigate the effects of stress as well. For instance, yoga is important since it allows one to prepare for birth physically and it also helps to reduce stress.
Similarly, meditation will give you a time to slow down and rest both your brain and your body. A component of being healthy, and not only for pregnant women but for every individual, is to implement a elevated level of hygiene. For instance, you should make sure that you wash your hands regularly and before eating. This might mean watching hospital visits that may come up or spending time with family and friends that are dealing with colds and other viruses.
In taking all the principal factors into perspective, our habits play a significant role in our overall health and well-being in life. They guide our behaviors, and this is especially important for any pregnant woman.
There is no room for poor decision-making at such a period in life, and we should be keen to embrace the ideal habits for a hassle-free pregnancy. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email.
Leave this field empty. Optimistic Mommy. About Me Advertise Here! Leave a Comment. During such times, it is important that she is kept happy and does not worry too much as it can affect the baby and her health too.
If you are pregnant, one way to calm yourself down is to read some nice pregnancy quotes and know that a lot of expectant mothers have penned their quotes during this phase in the hope that it could help others too:. Pregnancy is a beautiful phase because it gives you the joy and fulfilment which comes from bringing a new life into the world. Pregnancy is not just a physical metamorphosis of the female body; it is also an emotional change that leaves a lasting impact on your life and alters your perspective entirely.
It is through these nine months that you develop the patience, understanding, fortitude and courage that you need to give birth. Pregnancy can often be a trying time because of the twinges, pain and discomfiture that accompany it. It is not easy to see yourself put on weight and grow a protruding belly, and it is but natural to feel depressed or tired at times. It is especially at times like these when a gentle reminder about the gift of pregnancy comes in handy to save you from anxiety.
Expecting mothers need to celebrate pregnancy, and a wonderful way to do this is to seek constant motivation and positivity from maternity quotes and sayings. In addition to having pictures of adorable babies taped to walls or framed as photos, it is a good idea to have a few inspiring words or expecting mother quotes printed out and pinned to a board, saved as your desktop background or set as your mobile-phone screensaver. The reason for doing this is simple — words are powerful, and the words that you speak and read influence your thoughts and beliefs.
An expecting mother must be mindful of her thoughts and feelings, so a good compilation of these quotes is something that should be undertaken with relish. Here are a few quotes to keep you positive and happy-. You can write your own positive affirmations , or you can borrow inspiring quotes from other writers and thinkers.
This is a powerful exercise that will surely keep you motivated and positive throughout the nine months. Another creative way to be happy through the turbulent times during pregnancy is to have a positive perspective. Easier said than done but it is necessary to stay motivated. Here are some motivational quotes for pregnant women from a mother —.
There were about 15 other couples, all months pregnant, just like us. As an introduction, the teacher asked us to share what had been our favorite part of pregnancy and least favorite part.
The belly is cool. Make it a point to read such quotes frequently because this will help you be your own cheerleader. Pregnancy is often accompanied with mood swings and cravings and can be a difficult time for you as well as your family. The hormonal changes can be daunting, and it is normal for pregnant women to feel tired and stressed.
Reading these kind of quotes or about positive experiences of other moms are guaranteed to uplift your mood and give you the strength to overcome pain and face the challenges of motherhood with enthusiasm and spunk. Humour and laughter are wonderful companions for an expecting mother, so keeping a list of funny quotes at hand can do a lot to smooth out the frown and worry lines that often get etched on your glowing face.
We weren't naive, though -- we had heard from friends and family about the sleepless nights, the juggling of jobs and child care, the constant requirements for feeding, and the endless stacks of diapers. We knew it wouldn't be an easy task, but we felt we were up to it, and we were overjoyed to be having a child. But at what point does this optimism become a burden? If you're unrealistically hopeful about the experience of having a baby, could that adversely affect your ability to care for your child?
What about your relationship with your spouse or significant other? Might that suffer, too? Might you yourself sink into depression, or have other mental health problems?
A study found that women are often over-optimistic about having children: when their babies were 12 months old, they rated their relationships with their partner, family, and friends as less satisfying than they expected prior to having a child. But this study did not use standard measures, so it's difficult to assess how reliable the findings were.
It's also impossible from this study to tell whether the initial optimism was helpful or harmful. Other studies have found that overoptimism can be beneficial for relationship happiness, and even completing student research projects.
A team led by Kate Harwood attempted to rectify the problems of the study with a new study of 71 women having babies for the first time. In the new study, the researchers were careful to use only measures that had been previously normed in other studies. Pregnant women completed surveys before birth, and four months after birth. Were these women generally overoptimistic, as Harwood's team expected to find?
Below is a graph showing the difference between pre- and post-natal parenting expectations:. In fact, for each of the five scales studied, measuring depression, parenting competency, relationship strength, social support, and parenting expectations, average scores were better or the same when babies were four months old compared to the end of pregnancy.
This was indeed a surprising result, since it contradicted earlier research on the subject. Perhaps there's a cultural difference in prenatal optimism between Australia, where this study was conducted, and the U. Nonetheless, some of the women in this group were indeed overoptimistic. Is it possible that their feelings of optimism had a different effect than for the other women? Indeed it is: Harwood's team found that women who were overoptimistic about having a baby reported poorer psychological adjustment when their babies were four months old.
Interestingly, these women were not especially overoptimistic: we're talking about a small amount of extra optimism resulting in measurable problems, including poor relationship adjustment and reduced belief in their efficacy as parents. Of course, these problems affected only a minority of the women studied, and the researchers themselves acknowledge that their study has limitations.
Perhaps at different points in the baby's life 1 month old, 12 months old, and so on , these effects, and their relationship to overoptimism, change. Perhaps there's no way to know you're being too optimistic. Despite these limitations, the researchers conclude that "realistic" optimism is a good thing, while unrealistic optimism isn't.
Unfortunately if it turns out that the child's temperament is what determines whether or not optimism is realistic, then that's not much help to an expectant mother. Harwood, K. First-time mothers' expectations of parenthood: What happens when optimistic expectations are not matched by later experiences? Developmental Psychology, 43 1 , As it happened I had great support and didn't mind, but I could imagine other outcomes!
I don't. My wife had a baby in the past year. I haven't had sex in months. My wife is perpetually grouchy from lack of sleep. When the baby cried last night, her first words were "god damn-it.
The birth of my child was an experience that nothing prepared me for. I was 35, had read everything I could get my hands on about pregnancy, childbirth, and motherhood for over ten years fertility problems will do that to you. I had close friends with babies and I'd helped them out from the beginning. Yet when I came home with my son, the enormity of being a parent was at least an order of magnitude greater than I had expected!
Even with sleep deprivation, post-partum depression, colic on his part, not mine! They were all embodied in that little person. When my son left for college two years ago, I relived the wave of protective love with its tinge of desperation that I felt as a new mom. I didn't know how to do things perfectly then, but things happened so fast I had to think on the fly. I feel somewhat the same now, as I can't directly guide or shelter him any longer, I can only support him at a distance.
It's all, always, new and exciting and very, very hard. It's the greatest joy I've ever known. I hope for your sake that you didn't actually mean "enormity" in the comment above Being both an Anthropologist and a salesman, expectations are THE main ingredient in satisfaction How about studying mom's diet pre-pregnancy, during, after and during infancy of the child to see how that affects the child and the mother Just a thought.
I'm not quite a "joiner" in the Voluntary Human Extinction Movement; the people seem somewhat too harsh for me. Yet, I just posted elsewhere that although I wasn't quite a convert to it, it looked as though given only those two extreme choices the world and the cities would be better off with VHE than with our overbreeding.
By dmunger on August 3, I sorted through the medical records of hundreds of…. Children and Their Pets. Your humble narrator finds himself sick with a cold, so here's a post from the archives. There is considerable research on how children interact with other children and with adults, and how child development can be influenced by those interactions.
But research on children's interactions with non-…. Joint Attention and Social Compentence, or what a baby pointing at a toy says about well-behaved toddlers.
One of the key components of "normal" child development is social competence. We expect kids to become gradually better at behaving respectfully towards peers, to comply with requests made by others, to understand the thoughts of others, to play together with kids and adults, to sustain attention,….
Baby signing in the real world. Take a look at this video made by fellow ScienceBlogger Dr. She's talking with her son, a toddler who adorably mimics her as she says very complicated words such as "Adventures in Ethics and Science" and "Wackaloon" but sadly, not "Cognitive Daily" : It's cute, but it's difficult to say…. When I read the article's title, I misunderstood the topic, sorry.
Happy your babies are well, may they also live long and die out.